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Trichomoniasis

Other name

Trich.

Cause

A protozoan (single celled organism) called Trichomonas vaginalis.

Distribution

Worldwide

Transmission

  • Sexual
  • Non-sexual - Occasionally, it may betransmitted by wet objects such as towels, bathing suits and douching  equipment.

Incubation

4 - 20 days.

Symptoms

In women,

- Profuse greenish yellow frothy discharge.
- Staining of the underwear.
- Vaginal soreness.
- Painful urination.
- No symptoms.

In men,

- Slight itching of the penis.
- Painful urination.
- Clear discharge.
- No symptoms (the majority).

Diagnosis

  • Microscopic exanmination of secretions
  • Culture.

Treatment

Metronidazole by mouth (avoid alcohol because it causes nausea when taken with this drug).

Complications

None.

Comments

Treatment is routinely given to the male partner to reduce the risk of reinfection in women.